A normal day for a woman is evenly divided between paid and unpaid work, whereas a typical day for a man is dedicated mostly to paid work. In the labor market, women are unequally paid, being paid as much as 90 percent of a man’s wage.
These are just a few of the data analyses from desk research included in the report "Analysis on Gender Responsive Family-Friendly Policies in Albania".
This report, conducted by UNFPA in collaboration with IDRA Research & Consulting, provides an overview of the current legal, economic and social framework in Albania for family-friendly policies.
In addition to mapping the legal and policy landscape for family support in Albania, the report includes best practices from other countries in the region and beyond, as well as recommendations to create an enabling environment and expand options for women to fulfill their careers, family, and fertility aspirations.
In recent years, the Albanian legal framework has improved in relation to the work-life balance. Improvements reflect the incorporation of international conventions and treaties into national legislation, and amendments to key laws, such as the Labor Code and the Social Insurance Law.
In light of these amendments, several EU Directives have been transposed into national legislation on matters like equal treatment and equal opportunities for men and women in employment, rights for pregnant workers, as well as maternity, paternity, and parental leave. However, the EU acquis is evolving constantly, and a new directive on work and life balance was adopted in 2019.
In this regard, the new EU regulations governing paternity and parental leave must be properly integrated into Albania's Labor Code and Social Insurance Law.
Parental leave has been added to the Labor Code as a result of recent revisions, and parents are now entitled to up to four months of unpaid leave. However, parental leave should be further clarified and harmonized across all relevant articles of the Labor Code.
According to a recent gender assessment of the impact of COVID-19 on women and men in Albania, the situation caused by COVID-19 has a greater impact on women than men. As more women work from home, their role in caregiving and domestic tasks has risen. On the other hand, more men are quitting their employment, but they are not expanding their engagement in domestic responsibilities at the same rate as women. All of these things have increased women's stress and anxiety.
The findings of this report strongly recommend that women should be supported not only by the government but also by the private sector in order to balance family obligations with professional growth.